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Publications

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Patents
  • 8,233,681 :  "Methods, Systems, and Computer Program Products For Hierarchical Registration Between a Blood Vessel and Tissue Surface Model For a Subject and a Blood Vessel and Tissue Surface Image For the Subject" Stephen R. Aylward, Elizabeth Bullitt, Julien Jomier, July, 2012
  • 8,090,164 :  "Systems, methods, and computer program products for analysis of vessel attributes for diagnosis, disease staging, and surgical planning" Elizabeth Bullitt, Stephen R. Aylward, January 2012
  • 6,690,816 :  "Systems and methods for tubular object processing"  Stephen R. Aylward, Elizabeth Bullitt, Daniel Fritsch, Stephen M. Pizer,  February 2004


Books
  • Figures contributed to "Medical Image Processing: Techniques and Applications." Edited by G. Dougherty, Biological and Medical Physics Series, Springer Verlag, Chapter:"Angiographic Image Analysis", 2011, pp. 380
  • Yoo, TS, et. al "Insight Into Images" AK Peters, 2004, pp. 393
    • Aylward S, Kim J, “Chapter 6: Statistical Methods in Medical Image Analysis” Theory of Applied Medical Image Analysis, AK Peters, In Press, 2003 pages 62 Jomier J, Aylward S, "Chapter 5: Spatial Objects" ITK Software Guide, Kitware Publications, 2003 pp. 91-112
    • Aylward S, Bullitt E, “Chapter 11: Clinical Applications Involving Vascular Image Segmentation and Registration” in Angiography and Plaque Imaging: A Segmentation Perspective, Academic Press, 2002 pp. 529-579 
    • Aylward S, Continuous Mixture Modeling via Goodness-of-Fit Cores, Dissertation, Department of Computer Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1997. pages 175

    Television and Magazine Features
    • “Medicine in the 21st Century,” Discovery Health Channel, Featured the clinical application of vessel modeling software, November, 1999
    • “Fighting Cancer with Code”, Endeavors (UNC’s Research Magazine), Biographical article, Spring, 1999

    Journal Publications
    • Tina Kapur, Steve Pieper, Andriy Fedorov, JC Fillion-Robin, Michael Halle, Lauren O'donnell, Andras Lasso, Tamas Ungi, Csaba Pinter, Julien Finet, Sonia Pujol, Jayender Jagadeesan, Junichi Tokuda, Isaiah Norton, Raul San Jose Estepar, David Gering, Hugo JWL Aerts, Marianna Jakab, Nobuhiko Hata, Luiz Ibanez, Daniel Blezek, Jim Miller, Stephen Aylward, W Eric L Grimson, Gabor Fichtinger, William M Wells, William E Lorensen, Will Schroeder, Ron Kikinis "Increasing the impact of medical image computing using community-based open-access hackathons: The NA-MIC and 3D Slicer experience" Medical Image Analysis 33:176-180 2016

    • Xiaoxiao Liu, Marc Niethammer, Roland Kwitt, Nikhil Singh, Matt McCormick, Stephen Aylward, "Low-rank atlas image analyses in the presence of pathologies" IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging 34(12):2583-2591 2015

    • D.F. Pace, S.R. Aylward, M. Niethammer, "A Locally Adaptive Regularization Based on Anisotropic Diffusion for Deformable Image Registration of Sliding Organs," Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on , vol.32, no.11, pp.2114,2126, Nov. 2013 doi: 10.1109/TMI.2013.2274777
    • Roland Kwitt, Nuno Vasconcelos, Sharif Razzaque, Stephen R. Aylward: Localizing target structures in ultrasound video - A phantom study. Medical Image Analysis 17(7): 712-722 (2013)
    • A. Irimia, B. Wang, S.R. Aylward, M.W. Prastawa, D.F. Pace, G. Gerig, D.A. Hovda, R. Kikinis, P.M. Vespa, J.D. Van Horn, "Neuroimaging of structural pathology and connectomics in traumatic brain injury: Toward personalized outcome prediction" NeuroImage: Clinical volume 1, issue 1, year 2012, pp. 1 - 17
    • T. Kapur, S. Pieper, R. Whitaker, S. Aylward, M. Jakab, W. Schroeder, and R. Kikinis, “The National Alliance for Medical Image Computing, a roadmap initiative to build a free and open source software infrastructure for translational research in medical image analysis,” JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL INFORMATICS ASSOCIATION, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 176–180, Mar. 2012. 
    • R. C. Gessner, S. R. Aylward, and P. A. Dayton, “Mapping Microvasculature with Acoustic Angiography Yields Quantifiable Differences between Healthy and Tumor-bearing Tissue Volumes in a Rodent Model,” Radiology, vol. 264, no. 3, pp. 733–740, 2012. 
    • A. Fedorov, R. Beichel, J. Kalpathy-Cramer, J. Finet, J. C. Fillion-Robin, S. Pujol, C. Bauer, D. Jennings, F. Fennessy, M. Sonka, and others, “3D Slicer as an image computing platform for the Quantitative Imaging Network,” Magnetic Resonance Imaging, 2012. 
    • E. Bullitt, D. Zeng, B. Mortamet, A. Ghosh, S. R. Aylward, W. Lin, B. L. Marks, and K. Smith, “The effects of healthy aging on intracerebral blood vessels visualized by magnetic resonance angiography,” NEUROBIOLOGY OF AGING, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 290–300, Feb. 2010. 
    • E. Bullitt, M. Ewend, J. Vredenburgh, A. Friedman, W. Lin, K. Wilber, D. Zeng, S. R. Aylward, and D. Reardon, “Computerized assessment of vessel morphological changes during treatment of glioblastoma multiforme: Report of a case imaged serially by MRA over four years,” NEUROIMAGE, vol. 47, pp. T143–T151, Aug. 2009. 
    • G. Piliere, M. H. Van Horn, R. Dixon, J. Stavas, S. Aylward, and E. Bullitt, “Vessel target location estimation during the TIPS procedure,” MEDICAL IMAGE ANALYSIS, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 519–529, Jun. 2009. 
    • A. Enquobahrie, P. Cheng, K. Gary, L. Ibanez, D. Gobbi, F. Lindseth, Z. Yaniv, S. Aylward, J. Jomier, and K. Cleary, “The image-guided surgery toolkit IGSTK: An open source C++ software toolkit,” JOURNAL OF DIGITAL IMAGING, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 21–33, Nov. 2007. 
    • E. Bullitt, S. R. Aylward, T. Van Dyke, and W. Lin, “Computer-assisted measurement of vessel shape from 3T magnetic resonance angiography of mouse brain,” METHODS, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 29–34, Sep. 2007. 
    • S. DiMaio, T. Kapur, K. Cleary, S. Aylward, P. Kazanzides, K. Vosburgh, R. Ellis, J. Duncan, K. Farahani, H. Lemke, T. Peters, W. (Bill) Lorensen, D. Gobbi, J. Haller, L. (Larry) Clarke, S. Pizer, R. Taylor, R. Galloway, Jr., G. Fichtinger, N. Hata, K. Lawson, C. Tempany, R. Kikinis, and F. Jolesza, “Challenges in image-guided therapy system design,” NEUROIMAGE, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. S144–S151, 2007. 
    • K. Gary, L. Ibanez, S. Aylward, D. Gobbi, M. Blake, and K. Cleary, “IGSTK: An open source software toolkit for image-guided surgery,” COMPUTER, vol. 39, no. 4, p. 46+, Apr. 2006. 
    • D. Shelton, G. Stetten, S. Aylward, L. Ibanez, A. Cois, and C. Stewart, “Teaching medical image analysis with the Insight Toolkit,” MEDICAL IMAGE ANALYSIS, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 605–611, Dec. 2005. 
    • S. Aylward, K. Cleary, and D. Hawkes, “Intraoperative image processing for surgical guidance,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING, vol. 24, no. 11, pp. 1401–1404, Nov. 2005. 
    • E. Bullitt, D. Zeng, G. Gerig, S. Aylward, S. Joshi, J. Smith, W. Lin, and M. Ewend, “Vessel tortuosity and brain tumor malignancy: A blinded study,” ACADEMIC RADIOLOGY, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 1232–1240, Oct. 2005. Winner 2006 Herbert M. Stauffer Award by the Association of University Radiologists PMID: 16179200
    • E. Cole, E. Pisano, D. Zeng, K. Muller, S. Aylward, S. Park, C. Kuzmiak, M. Koomen, D. Pavic, R. Walsh, J. Baker, E. Gimenez, and R. Freimanis, “The effects of gray scale image processing on digital mammography interpretation performance,” ACADEMIC RADIOLOGY, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 585–595, May 2005. 
    • E. Bullitt, K. Muller, I. Jung, W. Lin, and S. Aylward, “Analyzing attributes of vessel populations,” MEDICAL IMAGE ANALYSIS, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 39–49, Feb. 2005. 
    • K. Kocis, C. Kuroda, W. Sternberger, J. Michael, L. Ramac-Thomas, S. Daniels, S. Aylward, J. Kim, D. Nichols, J. Gotsis, and others, “Quantifying Diaphragm Function with Ultrasound: Development in a Piglet Model of Diaphragm Fatigue: 19,” Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 107, 2005. 
    • K. Tucker, K. Robertson, W. Lin, J. Smith, H. An, Y. Chen, S. Aylward, and C. Hall, “Neuroimaging in human immunodeficiency virus infection,” JOURNAL OF NEUROIMMUNOLOGY, vol. 157, no. 1–2, pp. 153–162, Dec. 2004. 
    • E. Bullitt, M. Ewend, S. Aylward, W. Lin, G. Gerig, S. Joshi, I. Jung, K. Muller, and J. Smith, “Abnormal vessel tortuosity as a marker of treatment response of malignant gliomas: Preliminary report,” TECHNOLOGY IN CANCER RESEARCH & TREATMENT, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 577–584, Dec. 2004. 
    • Y. Fridman, S. Pizer, S. Aylward, and E. Bullitt, “Extracting branching tubular object geometry via cores,” MEDICAL IMAGE ANALYSIS, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 169–176, Sep. 2004. 
    • K. C. Kocis, M. Cereda, C. A. Kuroda, H. L. Hurd, S. R. Aylward, E. B. Freid, J. R. Yankaskas, and W. I. Sternberger, “Areadi, A Novel Ultrasound Method for Quantifying Diaphragm Function in Adults: 394,” Critical Care Medicine, vol. 32, no. 12, p. A109, 2004. 
    • J. Jomier, S. Weeks, and S. R. Aylward, “Vascular image registration for intra-operative 3D ultrasound annotation,” International Congress Series, vol. 1268, pp. 1308–1308, 2004. 
    • S. Aylward, J. Jomier, S. Weeks, and E. Bullitt, “Registration and analysis of vascular images,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPUTER VISION, vol. 55, no. 2–3, pp. 123–138, Dec. 2003. 
    • E. Bullitt, G. Gerig, S. Pizer, W. Lin, and S. Aylward, “Measuring tortuosity of the intracerebral vasculature from MRA images,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING, vol. 22, no. 9, pp. 1163–1171, Sep. 2003. 
    • D. Wallace, A. Capone, J. Jomier, S. Aylward, M. Landers, M. Trese, and P.-R. S. Grp, “Computer automated quantification of plus disease in RetCam images of retinopathy of prematurity,” INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE, vol. 44, no. 1, p. U116, May 2003. 
    • D. Wallace, J. Jomier, S. Aylward, and M. Landers, “Computer-automated quantification of plus disease in retinopathy of prematurity,” JOURNAL OF AAPOS, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 126–130, Apr. 2003. 
    • S. Pizer, G. Gerig, S. Joshi, and S. Aylward, “Multiscale medial shape-based analysis of image objects,” in PROCEEDINGS OF THE IEEE, 2003, vol. 91, pp. 1670–1679. 
    • S. Aylward, “Continuous mixture modeling via goodness-of-fit ridges,” PATTERN RECOGNITION, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 1821–1833, Sep. 2002. 
    • E. Bullitt and S. Aylward, “Volume rendering of segmented image objects,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MEDICAL IMAGING, vol. 21, no. 8, pp. 998–1002, Aug. 2002. 
    • T. S. Yoo, M. J. Ackerman, W. E. Lorensen, W. Schroeder, V. Chalana, S. Aylward, D. Metaxas, and R. Whitaker, “Engineering and algorithm design for an image processing API: A technical report on ITK-the Insight Toolkit,” Studies in health technology and informatics, pp. 586–592, 2002. 
    • E. Bullitt and S. Aylward, “Patient-specific vascular models for endovascular and open operative procedures,” International Congress Series, vol. 1247, pp. 129–138, 2002. 
    • S. R. Aylward and E. Bullitt, “Initialization, noise, singularities, and scale in height ridge traversal for tubular object centerline extraction,” Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 61–75, 2002. 
    • S. Weeks, K. Wilber, and S. Aylward, “Volume estimations using conventional hand tracing techniques vs automatic thresholding techniques: Can we be more accurate and save time?,” RADIOLOGY, vol. 221, no. S, p. 119, Nov. 2001. 
    • E. Bullitt, S. Aylward, K. Smith, S. Mukherji, M. Jiroutek, and K. Muller, “Symbolic description of intracerebral vessels segmented from magnetic resonance angiograms and evaluation by comparison with X-ray angiograms,” MEDICAL IMAGE ANALYSIS, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 157–169, Jun. 2001. 
    • E. Bullitt, S. Aylward, E. Bernard, and G. Gerig, “Computer-assisted visualization of arteriovenous malformations on the home personal computer,” NEUROSURGERY, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 576–582, Mar. 2001. 
    • E. Pisano, E. Cole, B. Hemminger, M. Yaffe, S. Aylward, A. Maidment, R. Johnston, M. Williams, L. Niklason, E. Conant, L. Fajardo, D. Kopans, M. Brown, and S. Pizer, “Image processing algorithms for digital mammography: A pictorial essay,” RADIOGRAPHICS, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 1479–1491, Oct. 2000. 
    • E. Pisano, E. Cole, S. Major, S. Zong, B. Hemminger, K. Muller, R. Johnston, R. Walsh, E. Conant, L. Fajardo, S. Feig, R. Nishikawa, M. Yaffe, M. Williams, S. Aylward, and I. D. M. D. Grp, “Radiologists’ preferences for digital mammographic display,” RADIOLOGY, vol. 216, no. 3, pp. 820–830, Sep. 2000. 
    • R. Gerstle, S. Aylward, S. Kromhout-Schiro, and S. Mukherji, “The role of neural networks in improving the accuracy of MR spectroscopy for the diagnosis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma,” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEURORADIOLOGY, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 1133–1138, Jul. 2000. 
    • E. D. Pisano, E. B. Cole, B. M. Hemminger, M. J. Yaffe, S. R. Aylward, A. D. A. Maidment, R. E. Johnston, M. B. Williams, L. T. Niklason, E. F. Conant, and others, “Image Processing Algorithms for Digital Mammography: A Pictorial Essay1,” Radiographics, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 1479–1491, 2000. 
    • E. Pisano, B. Hemminger, S. Sthapit, S. Aylward, E. Cole, and R. Johnston, “Comparison of speed and accuracy of a digital mammography softcopy display system vs. printed film display,” RADIOLOGY, vol. 213P, p. 322, Nov. 1999. 
    • E. Bullitt, A. Liu, S. Aylward, C. Coffey, J. Stone, S. Mukherji, K. Muller, and S. Pizer, “Registration of 3D cerebral vessels with 2D digital angiograms: Clinical evaluation,” ACADEMIC RADIOLOGY, vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 539–546, Sep. 1999. 
    • R. Gerstle, S. Aylward, S. Mukherji, S. Schiro, and K. Muller, “Neural network and statistical analysis of proton MR spectroscopy in the diagnosis of laryngeal carcinoma,” RADIOLOGY, vol. 209P, no. S, p. 151, Nov. 1998. 
    • S. Aylward, E. Bullitt, and P. Stephen, “VTree3D: Fast and effective vessel, bronchial tube, duct, and bone display,” RADIOLOGY, vol. 209P, no. S, p. 394, Nov. 1998. 
    • S. R. Aylward, B. M. Hemminger, and E. D. Pisano, “Mixture modeling for digital mammogram display and analysis,” COMPUTATIONAL IMAGING AND VISION, vol. 13, pp. 305–312, 1998. 
    • S. Aylward, “Continuous mixture modeling via goodness-of-fit cores,” MEDICAL PHYSICS, vol. 24, no. 7, p. 1182, Jul. 1997. (Extended Abstract)
    • E. Bullitt, A. Liu, S. Aylward, M. Soltys, J. Rosenman, and S. Pizer, “Methods for displaying intracerebral vascular anatomy,” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEURORADIOLOGY, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 417–420, Mar. 1997. 
    • G. PETERSON, D. STCLAIR, S. AYLWARD, and W. BOND, “USING TAGUCHI METHOD OF EXPERIMENTAL-DESIGN TO CONTROL ERRORS IN LAYERED PERCEPTRONS,” IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NEURAL NETWORKS, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 949–961, Jul. 1995.


    MICCAI and IPMI Conference Papers
    • X. Liu, M. Niethammer, R. Kwitt, M. McCormick and S. Aylward, “Low-Rank to the Rescue: Atlas-based Analyses in the Presence of Pathologies,” inProceedings of the International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (MICCAI '14), 2014.
    • Roland Kwitt, Danielle F. Pace, Marc Niethammer, Stephen R. Aylward: Studying Cerebral Vasculature Using Structure Proximity and Graph Kernels. MICCAI (2) 2013: 534-541
    • Roland Kwitt, Nuno Vasconcelos, Sharif Razzaque, Stephen R. Aylward: Recognition in Ultrasound Videos: Where Am I? MICCAI (3) 2012: 83-90
    • M. Niethammer, G. L. Hart, D. F. Pace, P. M. Vespa, A. Irimia, J. D. Van Horn, and S. R. Aylward, “Geometric metamorphosis,” in MICCAI’11: Proceedings of the 14th international conference on Medical image computing and computer-assisted intervention, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011, pp. 639–646.
    • J. Jomier, E. Bullitt, M. Van Horn, C. Pathak, and S. R. Aylward, “3D/2D model-to-image registration applied to TIPS surgery,” in MICCAI’06: Proceedings of the 9th international conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006, pp. 662–669.
    • Z. Zhao, S. Aylward, and E. Teoh, “A novel 3D Partitioned Active Shape Model for segmentation of brain MR images,” in MICCAI ’05: Proceedings of the International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, 2005, vol. 3749, pp. 221–228. 
    • J. Jomier, V. LeDigarcher, and S. Aylward, “Automatic vascular tree formation using the mahalanobis distance,” in Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention–MICCAI 2005, 2005, pp. 806–812. 
    • J. Jomier, V. LeDigarcher, and S. Aylward, “Comparison of vessel segmentations using STAPLE,” in MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2005, PT 1, 2005, vol. 3749, pp. 523–530. 
          • S. Aylward, J. Jomier, C. Vivert, V. LeDigarcher, and E. Bullitt, “Spatial graphs for intra-cranial vascular network characterization, generation, and discrimination,” in MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2005, PT 1, 2005, vol. 3749, pp. 59–66. 
          • J. Jomier and S. Aylward, “Rigid and deformable vasculature-to-image registration: A hierarchical approach,” in MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2004, PT 1, PROCEEDINGS, 2004, vol. 3216, pp. 829–836. 
          • E. Bullitt, I. Jung, K. Muller, G. Gerig, S. Aylward, S. Joshi, K. Smith, W. Lin, and M. Ewend, “Determining malignancy of brain tumors by analysis of vessel shape,” in MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2004, PT 2, PROCEEDINGS, 2004, vol. 3217, pp. 645–653. 
          • J. Jomier, D. Wallace, and S. Aylward, “Quantification of retinopathy of prematurity via vessel segmentation,” in MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2003, PT 2, 2003, vol. 2879, pp. 620–626. 
          • B. Jolly, M. Van Horn, S. Aylward, and E. Bullitt, “Needle detection and tracking in the TIPS endovascular procedure,” in MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2003, PT 2, 2003, vol. 2879, pp. 953–954. 
          • J. Guyon, M. Foskey, J. Kim, Z. Firat, B. Davis, K. Haneke, and S. Aylward, “VETOT, volume estimation and tracking over time: Framework and validation,” in MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2003, PT 2, 2003, vol. 2879, pp. 142–149. 
          • Y. Fridman, S. Pizer, S. Aylward, and E. Bullitt, “Segmenting 3D branching tubular structures using cores,” in MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2003, PT 2, 2003, vol. 2879, pp. 570–577. 
          • D. Cool, D. Chillet, J. Kim, J. Guyon, M. Foskey, and S. Aylward, “Tissue-based affine registration of brain images to form a vascular density atlas,” in MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2003, PT 2, 2003, vol. 2879, pp. 9–15. 
          • D. Chillet, J. Jomier, D. Cool, and S. Aylward, “Vascular atlas formation using a vessel-to-image affine registration method,” in MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2003, PT 1, 2003, vol. 2878, pp. 335–342. 
          • E. Bullitt, G. Gerig, S. Aylward, S. Joshi, K. Smith, M. Ewend, and W. Lin, “Vascular attributes and malignant brain tumors,” in MEDICAL IMAGE COMPUTING AND COMPUTER-ASSISTED INTERVENTION - MICCAI 2003, PT 1, 2003, vol. 2878, pp. 671–679.
          • M. Rosenthal, S. Weeks, S. Aylward, E. Bullitt, and H. Fuchs, “Intraoperative Tracking of Anatomical Structures Using Fluoroscopy and a Vascular Balloon Catheter,” in MICCAI ’01: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, London, UK, UK, 2001, pp. 1253–1254. 
          • M. Rosenthal, S. Weeks, S. Aylward, E. Bullitt, and H. Fuchs, “Short Posters-Image-Guided Surgery-Intraoperative Tracking of Anatomical Structures Using Fluoroscopy and a Vascular Balloon Catheter,” in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2001, vol. 2208, pp. 1253–1254. 
          • E. Bullitt and S. Aylward, “Volume Rendering of Segmented Tubular Objects,” in MICCAI ’01: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, London, UK, UK, 2001, pp. 161–168. 
          • E. Bullitt and S. Aylward, “Volume rendering of segmented tubular objects,” in Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention–MICCAI 2001, 2001, pp. 161–168. 
          • S. Aylward, S. Weeks, and E. Bullitt, “Analysis of the Parameter Space of a Metric for Registering 3D Vascular Images,” in MICCAI ’01: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, London, UK, UK, 2001, pp. 932–939. 
          • E. Bullitt, S. Aylward, A. Liu, J. Stone, S. Mukherji, C. Coffey, G. Gerig, and S. Pizer, “3D graph description of the intracerebral vasculature from segmented MRA and tests of accuracy by comparison with X-ray angiograms,” in Information Processing in Medical Imaging, 1999, vol. 1613, pp. 308–321. 
          • S. Aylward and S. Pizer, “Continuous Gaussian mixture modeling,” in Information Processing in Medical Imaging, 1997, vol. 1230, pp. 176–189. (Honorable mention for Erbsmann Award)
          • E. Bullitt, A. Liu, S. Aylward, and S. Pizer, “Reconstruction of the intracerebral vasculature from MRA and a pair of projection views,” in INFORMATION PROCESSING IN MEDICAL IMAGING, 1997, vol. 1230, pp. 537–542. 

                Other Conference Papers
                • X. Han, X. Yang, S. Aylward, R. Kwitt, M. Niethammer, "Efficient Registration of Pathological Images: A Joint PCA/Image-Reconstruction Approach" IEEE International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, Melbourne, Australia, 2017

                • Xiao Yang, Xu Han, Eunbyung Park, Stephen Aylward, Roland Kwitt, Marc Niethammer, "Registration of Pathological Images" International Workshop on Simulation and Synthesis in Medical Imaging, 91-107 2016

                • SE. Shelton, SR. Aylward, FS Foster, PA. Dayton; "The application of acoustic angiography to assess the progression of angiogenesis in a spontaneous mouse model of breast cancer." IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2016
                • SE. Shelton, BD. Lindsey, R. Gessner, Y. Lee, S. Aylward, H. Lee, E. Cherin, F. Stuart Foster, PA. Dayton; "Acoustic angiography: a new high frequency contrast ultrasound technique for biomedical imaging." Proc. SPIE 9871, Sensing and Analysis Technologies for Biomedical and Cognitive Applications 2016, 987109 (May 19, 2016); doi:10.1117/12.2229179.
                • S. Aylward, M. McCormick, HJ. Kang, S. Razzaque, R. Kwitt, M. Niethammer, "Ultrasound Spectroscopy" Proceedings of the International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging (ISBI), Prague, 2016 (Presentation)

                • Beatriz Paniagua, Dženan Zukic, Ricardo Ortiz, Stephen Aylward, Brent Golden, Tung Nguyen, Andinet Enquobahrie, "Ultrasound-Guided Navigation System for Orthognathic Surgery" Workshop on Augmented Environments for Computer-Assisted Interventions, 1-10  2015

                • SE Shelton, YZ Lee, M Lee, E Cherin, FS Foster, SR Aylward, PA Dayton, "Quantification of microvascular tortuosity during tumor evolution using acoustic angiography", Ultrasound in medicine & biology 41 (7), 1896-1904  2015
                • R. Kwitt, S. Razzaque, J. Lowell and S. Aylward, “Variability sensitivity of dynamic texture based recognition in clinical CT data,” in SPIE Medical Imaging, 2014.

                • J Finet, R Ortiz, J Andruejol, A Enquobahrie, J Jomier, J Payne, S Aylward, "Bender: An Open Source Software for Efficient Model Posing and Morphing",  International Symposium on Biomedical Simulation, 203-210  2014
                • D Testi, D Giunchi, G Clapworthy, S Aylward, X Planes, R Christie "New Interactive Visualisation of Multiscale Biomedical Data", SIGGRAPH, 2012 (Poster)
                • A. Irimia, J. Van Horn, M. Chambers, B. Wang, M. Prastawa, S. Gouttard, P. Vespa, D. Hovda, J. Alger, S. Pujol, and others, “Connectome-level evaluation of neurodegeneration caused by traumatic brain injury,” in Organization for Human Brain Mapping, Beijing, China, 2012. 
                • D. F. Pace, A. Enquobahrie, H. Yang, S. R. Aylward, and M. Niethammer, “Deformable image registration of sliding organs using anisotropic diffusive regularization,” in Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, 2011 IEEE International Symposium on, 2011, pp. 407–413. 
                • D. F. Pace, M. Niethammer, and S. R. Aylward, “Sliding geometries in deformable image registration,” in MICCAI’11: Proceedings of the Third international conference on Abdominal Imaging, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011, pp. 141–148. 
                • Debora Testi, Gordon Clapworthy, Stephen  Aylward, Alejandro Frangi, Richard Christie "Interactive visualization of multiscale biomedical data: an integrated approach" VisWeek 2011
                • M. A. Audette, D. Rivière, C. Law, L. Ibanez, S. R. Aylward, J. Finet, X. Wu, and M. G. Ewend, “Approach-specific multi-grid anatomical modeling for neurosurgery simulation with public-domain and open-source software,” in Proceedings-Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2011, vol. 7964. 
                • R. C. Gessner, R. Kothadia, S. Feingold, S. Aylward, E. Bullitt, and P. A. Dayton, “Blood vessel structural morphology derived from 3D dual-frequency ultrasound images,” in Ultrasonics Symposium (IUS), 2010 IEEE, 2010, pp. 209–212. 
                • J. Lee, J. Jomier, S. Aylward, M. Tyszka, S. Moy, J. Lauder, and M. Styner, “Evaluation of atlas based mouse brain segmentation,” SPIE Medical Imaging, 2009, pp. 725943–9
                • J. Jomier, S. R. Aylward, C. Marion, J. Lee, and M. Styner, “A digital archiving system and distributed server-side processing of large datasets,” in SPIE Medical Imaging, 2009, pp. 726413–726413–8. 
                • Z. Zhao, D. K. Wallace, S. F. Freedman, and S. R. Aylward, “A tool for computer-aided diagnosis of retinopathy of prematurity,” in Proceedings of SPIE, 2008, vol. 6915, p. 69152W–69152W–7. 
                • I. Oguz, J. Cates, T. Fletcher, R. Whitaker, D. Cool, S. Aylward, and M. Styner, “Cortical correspondence using entropy-based particle systems and local features,” in Biomedical Imaging: From Nano to Macro, 2008. ISBI 2008. 5th IEEE International Symposium on, 2008, pp. 1637–1640. 
                • P. Cheng, L. Ibanez, D. Gobbi, K. Gary, S. Aylward, J. Jomier, A. Enquobahrie, H. Zhang, H. Kim, M. B. Blake, and others, “The Image-Guided Surgery ToolKit IGSTK: an open source C++ software toolkit,” in Proceedings of SPIE, 2007, vol. 6516, p. 65160A. 
                • L. Ibanez, R. Avila, and S. Aylward, “Open source and open science: how it is changing the medical imaging community,” in Biomedical Imaging: Nano to Macro, 2006. 3rd IEEE International Symposium on, 2006, pp. 690–693. 
                • P. Cheng, H. Zhang, H. Kim, K. Gary, M. B. Blake, D. Gobbi, S. Aylward, J. Jomier, A. Enquobahrie, R. Avila, and others, “IGSTK: Framework and example application using an open source toolkit for image-guided surgery applications,” in Proceedings of SPIE, 2006, vol. 6141, p. 61411Y. 
                • L. Ibáñez, R. Avila, S. Aylward "Open Source and Open Science: How it is changing the medical imaging community" ISBI April, 2006
                • L. Ibanez, G. Kindlmann, and S. Aylward, “Hot topics in 3D medical image visualization,” in SIGGRAPH ’05: ACM SIGGRAPH 2005 Courses, New York, NY, USA, 2005, p. 1. 

                • Z. Zhao, S Aylward, E Teoh, "A novel 3D partitioned active shape model for segmentation of brain MR images." ICER'12 - Proceedings of the 9th Annual International Conference on International Computing Education Research, Vol. 8, Issue 1, 2005 pp. 221 - 228
                • L. Ibanez, J. Jomier, D. Gobbi, R. Avila, M. B. Blake, H. S. Kim, K. Gary, S. Aylward, and K. Cleary, “IGSTK: A State machine architecture for an open source software toolkit for image-guided surgery applications,” in Insight Journal—MICCAI Open-Source Workshop, 2005. 
                • M. Blake, Cleary K., Ranjan S., Gary K., Jomier J., Aylward S., Ibanez L., "Component-Based Design and Development for Robust Medical Applications," High Confidence Medical Device Software and Systems (HCMDSS) Workshop, Jun-2005
                • D. Dalal, J. Jomier, and S. Aylward, “A DICOM-based Software Infrastructure for Data Archiving,” in SPIE Medical Imaging, 2005. 
                • E. Bullitt and S. Aylward, “Visualizing blood vessel trees in three dimensions: clinical applications,” in Proceedings of SPIE, 2005, vol. 5749, pp. 67–78. 
                • J. Jomier, E. Rault, and S. R. Aylward, “Automatic quantification of pupil dilation under stress,” in Biomedical Imaging: Nano to Macro, 2004. IEEE International Symposium on, 2004, pp. 249–252. 
                • L. Ibánez, L. Ng, J. Gee, and S. Aylward, “Registration patterns: the generic framework for image registration of the Insight Toolkit,” in Biomedical Imaging, 2002. Proceedings. 2002 IEEE International Symposium on, 2002, pp. 345–348. 
                • S. R. Aylward, J. Jomier, J. P. Guyon, and S. Weeks, “Intra-operative 3D ultrasound augmentation,” in Biomedical Imaging, 2002. Proceedings. 2002 IEEE International Symposium on, 2002, pp. 421–424. 
                • E. Bullitt, SR Aylward, “Patient-specific vascular models for endovascular and open operative procedures.” Proceedings of the 2nd International Mt. BANDAI Symposium for Neuroscience. Southern Tohoku Research Institute for Neuroscience, Fukushima Japan, 2001, pp. 88-94.
                • E. Bullitt and S. R. Aylward, “Analysis of Time-Varing Images Using 3-D Vascular Models,” in AIPR ’01: Proceedings of the 30th on Applied Imagery Pattern Recognition Workshop, Washington, DC, USA, 2001, p. 9-14 (Keynote Address) 
                • B. M. Hemminger, E. Cole, S. Zong, M. J. Yaffe, S. Aylward, A. D. A. Maidment, M. B. Williams, L. T. Niklason, R. E. Johnston, and E. D. Pisano, “Evaluation of digital processing methods for the display of digital mammography,” in Proceedings of SPIE, 1999, vol. 3658, p. 382. 
                • S Aylward, B Hemminger , D. Pisano, “Mixture Modeling for Digital Mammogram Display and Analysis,” International Workshop on Digital Mammography, June 1998. pp. 305-312
                • S. Aylward, S. Pizer, D. Eberly, and E. Bullitt, “Intensity Ridge and Widths for Tubular Object Segmentation and Description,” in MMBIA ’96: Proceedings of the 1996 Workshop on Mathematical Methods in Biomedical Image Analysis (MMBIA ’96), Washington, DC, USA, 1996, p. 131. 
                • S. Aylward, J. Coggins, T. Cizadlo, and N. Andreasen, “The effects of magnetic resonance image inhomogeneities on automated tissue classification,” in AAAI Spring Symposium on Applications of Computer Vision to Medical Image Processing, 1994. 
                • S. Aylward, J. Coggins, T. Cizadlo, and N. Andreasen, “Spatially invariant classification of tissues in MR images,” in Proceedings of the Third Conference on Visualization in Biomedical Computing. SPIE, 1994. 
                • D. St. Clair, G. Peterson, S. Aylward, and W. Bond, “Design techniques for the control of errors in backpropagation neural networks,” in Proceedings of the SPIE Conference on the Application of Neural Networks, Orlando Florida, 1993, pp. 372–383. 
                • D. C. St. Clair, W. E. Bond, A. K. Rigler, and S. Aylward, “An evaluation of learning performance in backpropagation neural networks and decision-tree classifier systems,” in SAC ’92: Proceedings of the 1992 ACM/SIGAPP symposium on Applied computing, New York, NY, USA, 1992, pp. 636–642. 
                • W. Bond, D. St. Clair, M. Amirfathi, C. Merz, S. Aylward, "Neural Network Analysis of Nondestructive Evaluation Patterns," Proceedings of the Government Neural Network Applications Conference, WPAFB, Dayton, OH, 1992; reprinted with permission from Proceedings of the Symposium on Applied Computing, Kansas City, MO, 1992. pp. 643-650
                • W. E. Bond, D. C. St. Clair, M. M. Amirfathi, C. J. Merz, and S. Aylward, “Neural network analysis of nondestructive evaluation patterns,” in SAC ’92: Proceedings of the 1992 ACM/SIGAPP symposium on Applied computing, New York, NY, USA, 1992, pp. 643–650. 
                • S Aylward, D St. Clair, W Bond, B Flachsbart, A Rigler, "One Dimensional Search Strategies for Conjugate Gradient Training of Backpropagation Neural Networks," Proceedings of the Artificial Neural Networks in Engineering Conference, St. Louis, MO, 1992. pp. 197-202 
                • R Anderson, S Aylward, “Lab Testing Neural Networks for Improved Aircraft Onboard-Diagnostics on Flight-Ready Hardware,” Proceedings of the Annual Reliability and Maintenance Symposium, 1993. pp. 404-410 (Best Paper Award)
                • D. St. Clair, W. Bond, A. Rigler, S. Aylward, "Evaluation of Neural Network and Decision Tree Classifier System Performance Using Learning Accuracy Techniques," Proceedings of the Artificial Neural Networks in Engineering Conference, St. Louis, MO, 1991. pp. 161-166 
                • S. Aylward and R. Anderson, “An algorithm for neural network architecture generation,” in AIAA, Computing in Aerospace Conference, 8 th, Baltimore, MD, 1991, p. 1991.
                • S. Aylward, L. Sheckler, R. Anderson, J. Urnes, "Application of Neural Networks to In-Flight Aircraft Diagnostics," Proceedings of the Artificial Neural Networks in Engineering Conference, St. Louis, MO, 1991. pp. 663-668


                Conference Abstracts and Demonstrations

                • Aylward S, Gerber S, McCormick M, Jallais M, Montgomery S, Kohli L, Freeman B, Kane S, “Point-of-care ultrasound for detecting elevated intracranial pressure in the field” Special Operations Medical Association's Scientific Assembly (SOMSA) 2017 (Podium Presentation)

                • Aylward S, McCormick M, Jallais M, Gerber S, Montgomery S, Kohli L, Freeman B, Kane S, “Computer-Assisted FAST exam for in-field triage” SOMSA 2017 (Poster Presentation)

                • X Planes, V Barbarito, D Testi, G Clapworthy, S Aylward and Richard Christie "MultiScale exemplary problems" VPH 2012
                • D Testi, D Giunchi, J Finet and S Aylward "Spatial and temporal multiscale interactive visualization: two prototypes" VPH 2012
                • Debora Testi, Gordon Clapworthy, Xavier Planes, Richard Christie and Stephen Aylward "VPH challenges: a solution to interactive visualisation of biomedical data" VPH 2012
                • A. Enquobahrie, H. Yang, and S. Aylward, “Implementation of local structure tensor and enhancement anisotropic diffusion filters in ITK,” The Insight Journal, pp. 1–8, 2010.  
                • D Wallace, J Jomier, S Aylward, M Landers, “Computer Automated Quantification of Plus Disease in Retinopathy of Prematurity.” American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus Meeting, March, 2002
                • S Weeks, K Wilber, S Aylward, “Volume estimations using conventional hand tracing techniques vs. automatic thresholding techniques: Can we be more accurate and save time?” in Proceedings of the Radiological Society of North America, Chicago IL, Nov. 2001 
                • A Mackelfresh, S Aylward, S Weeks, “Three dimensional surgical planning on the PC.” Department of Computer Science Research Symposium, October, 2001 
                • M Rosenthal, S Weeks, S Aylward, E Bullitt, H Fuchs, “Intraoperative tracking of anatomical structures using fluoroscopy and a vascular balloon catheter.” Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention, vol. 2208 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001 pp. 1253-1254 
                • M Rosenthal, S Weeks, S Aylward, E Bullitt, H Fuchs, “Three-Dimensional Intraoperative Visualization for the TIPS Intervention.” Medicine Meets Virtual Reality, 2001. 
                • SM Weeks, S Aylward, E Bullitt, M Rosenthal, H Fuchs, PF Jaques, J Sandhu, R Shrestha, JH Fair, MW Johnson, MA Mauro. “Computer-Assisted Three-Dimensional Display of Hepatic Vascularity for Intraoperative Guidance during TIPS Formation and Preoperative Planning Prior to Living Related Liver Transplantation.” SCVIR, San Antonio TX, March 2001. 
                • S Aylward, “A general method for representing tubular objects in ND data.” IEEE Visualization Conference Exhibit, 2000 
                • S Aylward, E Bullitt, “Vessel Visualization for Neurosurgical Planning.” Medtronic Scientific Exhibit, Annual Conference of American Association of Neurological Surgeons, San Francisco, April, 2000.
                • E Bullitt, S Aylward, E Bernard, G Gerig “Surgical planning of AVMs on the home computer.” Neurosurgical Society of America, June, 2000. 
                • S Aylward, E Bullitt, “Preoperative planning via vessel visualizations.” Medtronic Scientific Exhibit, Congress of Neurological Surgeons, San Antonio, TX, September, 2000. 
                • E Bullitt, S Aylward, L Ibanez, A Liu, J Capowski, S Pizer “Methods of vascular imaging.” NIH Biomedical Imaging Symposium: Visualizing the Future of Biology and Medicine June 1999 
                • S Aylward, E Bullitt, S Pizer, “Vtree3D: Fast and Effective Visualization of Vessels, Aneurysms, Bronchial Tubes, and Bones from 3D Medical Data.” RSNA, Chicago, Nov.1998 (Abstract and Scientific Exhibit) 
                • E Bullitt, SR Aylward, A Liu, S Pizer “Advances in Vascular Imaging,” Duke Winter Conference, March, 1998 
                • E Bullitt, A Liu, S Aylward,  S Pizer, “3D Reconstruction of Aneurysms from Projection Angiograms,” Presented at Joint Meeting of the Society of British Neurosurgeons and the Neurosurgical Society of America, Cambridge, England, April, 1997